Falls are a serious risk for older adults, with consequences such as fractures and head injuries that can lead to death. As many as one-third of adults over 65 years who live independently fall annually. Researchers from the University of Sydney in Australia conducted a systematic review of 108 studies to determine the effectiveness of exercise interventions.
Data analysis showed that exercise training can reduce falls by 23%. Programs combining balance exercises and functional training reduced falls among participants when compared with non exercisers. Programs that blend balance with functional and resistance training are likely to reduce falls, and consistent tai chi practice may also lower risks.
“This review provides high-certainty evidence that well-designed exercise programmes reduce the rate of falls among older people living in the community,” study authors noted. “Greater provision and implementation of these programmes is an urgent challenge for the global sport and exercise medicine community . . .”